By following these simple techniques, you will be able to do the following:
- Spend Less Time Studying
- Increase Grade Levels
- More Time to do Things you Enjoy
The majority of people are passive studiers. They skim and review and re-watching and listen to lectures if they missed anything the first time. Active studies follow a more disciplined style where they learn the material and not just shove it in their short-term memory forget about it right after the exam.
There are 4 essential steps into becoming a better active studier which is:
- Identify what is important.
- You must sift through the information and keep what is relevant, ignoring things that do not relate to the material’s foundation.
- Organize the information in a way in which you understand.
- The best way to do this is by writing it out in a way you know.
- Utilize things like mind maps, diagrams, graphs, and any other items necessary to learn the information better.
- The Feynman Technique works really well for this step. Click here to check it out.
- You have to have memorized the material in an active manner, which will be discussed shortly.
- Apply the Information
- Do things like practice questions from the textbook and or teacher/professor.
- You should be able to locate free practice tests online that pertain to the information you are learning.
An important factor when it comes to studying is ones’ own environment well doing so. That, of course, depends on the person as to what works best for you. It may be a lot of trial and error, or if you’re like me, you can just put headphones in and do it anywhere. Some people prefer to studying in a group setting, or if you’re are like me you like studying on your own. It’s ideal in a group setting to study with only one or two other people. Bigger groups than that because of distractions and people are not as near as productive. The most significant benefit to group studying is teaching others what you have learned. Teaching others is the best way to retain knowledge.
In a classroom setting, the teacher usually gives lectures with a PowerPoint to follow and a textbook for students to read. This is a very passive style of learning. People learn better by writing their notes out by hand as opposed to typing them out. People tend to remember more of the material by writing it out because it is slower, and the motor cortex using can help retain information more efficiently. In a lecture, you are engaged because everyone around you is doing the same thing, which significantly cuts down on distraction and background noise, and you can ask questions in real-time.
When reading a textbook, instead of just highlighting and reviewing the highlights later, which is very passive, instead make as active as you can from the beginning by writing out what you have read in your own words. By doing so, you will have synthesized the information and will have written out the critical info in a way in which you understand. This will drastically improve retention rates and help with improved test scores.
It’s a good idea to have study music on if it is not too distracting. Study check or study check to make sure it is relevant.
The most challenging part of studying for students is memorization.
Here are a couple of simple techniques to better enhance your memorization:
- Make condensed notes. Try and turn 4-5 pages of lectures down to 1 page by pulling out the vital information and restructuring it, so you understand best.
- One of the best ways to increase memorization is doing a method called spaced repletion. A process in which you review the material spaced out. After the first review, look at it again in 48 hrs, then again 72 hrs after that so on and so forth. The idea is to review the material right before your about to forget it.