Science helps to give us a better understanding of the world around us. Everything from on a molecular level, up to how our planetary systems work. Science is here to help bring forth answers to which we have questions for; from curing deadly diseases to understanding how species have gone extinct. It has helped prove and disprove many theories over the decades, and is constantly evolving.
The word, scientist, was first mentioned in 1834, after philosopher and historian, William Whewell, claimed the word. Whewell used the word “scientist,” to describe one who studies the organization and behavior of the natural and physical world, through observation and experiments.
With the help of science, we all can take advantage of the wonderful technologies it throws at us, going from computers the size of rooms, to computers you can hold in your hand. Now we can conveniently store this technology in our pockets, thanks to Moore’s law. Moore’s law, is the observation that the number of transistors in a condensed circuit will double approximately every 18 months. This has held strong since 1965, ever since Gordon E. Moore, the founder of Fairchild Semiconductors and Intel, brought forth this notion. If we continue this trend with computers and now super computers, it won’t be long before it surpasses human intelligence. Will this lead us to a Terminator based scenario? Or could it help give more advanced solutions on making the world a better place?
Many famous scientists such as Darwin, Einstein, Tesla, and Newton, have laid the groundwork for a better understanding of our universe. A lot of the work they accomplished still remains relevant today. Although, they didn’t get everything right, some ideas have been added onto their already existing platforms, and some things have since been disproven. Certain topics brought forth by these scientists, still to this day, have yet to give an explanation as to why it is. Whether it be a new or older science based head scratcher, we will try and find the answer, after all it’s human nature.
As we continue to rapidly advance, there are still plenty of science mysteries we still can’t fully apprehend, here are some conundrums still trying to be understood…
- What Causes Gravity?
Ever since Sir Isaac Newton observed an apple falling from a tree, he was left to think about the forces of nature and how they work. Many scientists ever since, have been trying to understand what causes this phenomenon. Take Einstein’s theory of relativity, which only explains gravity on a grand scale, explaining why gravity tugs on matter to form galaxies and stars. When you try to do calculations on smaller gravitational fields, the math just doesn’t work out.
Gravity is the weakest of all powers in the universe. At the same time, making it the most mysterious as well, as scientists can’t measure it in a lab setting. Without gravity, we would not exist.
- Why is there a limit to the Speed of Light?
According to Einstein’s special relativity, gives us a theory that provides the speed of light a rate of 186,000 miles per second. Einstein hypothesized that light constantly travels at the same speed for every person viewing it, regardless of how fast the person is travelling. Currently, it is unknown why the speed of light is the speed of which it is. We do know without it, we and our universe could not and would not exist.
- What causes Out of Body Experiences (OBE)?
One in 10 people have an out-of-body experience (OBE), several times in their life.
Having an out-of-body experience, involves the feeling of floating beyond one’s body. These astral projections can occur for numerous reasons, usually occurs in a dream state, near-death experience, serious brain trauma, sensory deprivation, major dehydration and or under the influence of psychedelic drugs.
In the fields of neuroscience and psychology, a lot of theories have appeared as to why OBEs occur. The most common being, an OBE is an experience from an altered mental state, like in a dream. With recent advancements in technology, scientists are able to create an illusion of the patient having an OBE, at the same time using an MRI machine to see what parts of the brain are being triggered. Even with these technological advancements, this theory is still far from any justifications to why this happens in the first place.
- The Origin of Life
In the Darwinian world, evolution has taught us that our closest living ancestor is the chimpanzee. We are even closer in relations to the more recently discovered – bonobo chimp from the Congo. Unlike the screeching screams and fighting that occurs in the chimpanzee world where males are the leaders, laughter can be heard all day where bonobos play and look after one another, and females are the leaders in their clans.
But how and where did life come from in the first place?
Some scientists consider life appeared the moment our planet was strong enough to support it. Leading estimates say earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago. Earliest evidence for life on Earth, is from fossilized bacteria, coming from a region in Australia, that are approximately 3.4 billion years old. As old as they are, these bacteria’s biochemistry (which surprisingly are still around today) is so intricate that they have cell walls protecting their DNA, leading scientists to believe that life must have begun much earlier, maybe as far back as 3.8 billion years ago.
Just because they know rough estimates of when life first appeared, scientists are still far beyond answering how it got here.
- The Placebo Effect
The placebo effect was first observed in the second world war. Henry Beecher first discovered this effect when he ran out of morphine to treat wounded soldiers. Instead, he gave them a saline like solution, and discovered that 40 percent of people who received it were relieved of their pain.
Many experiments have since been conducted to try to understand why the placebo effect occurs. David Burns MD (creator of the cognitive behavior therapy) showed, in his and many other studies, that a sugar pill was more effective than any anti-depressant or herbs given to the patient for treatment of depression. Even when a patient knowingly was given a placebo, it still showed to have helped heal ailments.
Reasons why the placebo effect works, is still a highly debated subject…
- Why We Sleep?
The actual function of sleep is highly misunderstood, but we do know we need it to function efficiently and productively. It is thought that sleep helps restore and rebuild everything we burnt off that day. Certain genes turn on when we sleep; their sole purpose is for restoration. Brain and memory repossessing is another leading theory; when asleep, neuro pathways are strengthened and the less important ones are weakened, allowing loose connections for better emphasis on the more important ones.
The average human will spend 24 years of their life asleep. Those of us who get less than seven hours, have a greater risk of developing depression, brain damage, heart disease, obesity and diabetes. However, getting too much sleep can cause the exact same risks.
- The Hum
This eerie low-frequency humming noise seems to have appeared out of nowhere. Reports from all over the globe complain of hearing this sound, and once it moves in, it never leaves. It is known as the Hum, a steady, throbbing sound that’s heard in places such as Taos, New Mexico; Bristol, England; Winsor, Ontario; and Largs, Scotland. Only about two percent of the people living in a Hum-prone area can hear the sound, and most of them are ages 55 to 70, according to a Geoff Leventhall of Surrey, England.
Bristol is the first place on Earth where the Hum was heard. In the 1970s, about 800 people in the city reported hearing a steady humming sound. All the hum cases seem to have several commonalities. Usually, the Hum is only heard indoors, and it’s louder at night than during the day. The hum is rare in metropolitan areas, due to steady background noise in crowded cities.
A few studies have been and are being conducted to figure out the Hum. But no clear answers can yet be given as to why it occurs.
Albert Einstein once said that intuition is our most valued asset, and the most untapped sense. Often referred to as a sixth sense, your gut feeling, inner sense, and or instinct. Intuition is viewed as a method to attain knowledge, to perceive information, for decision-making in stressful situations.
One method to tap into your intuitive sense, is to learn to meditate. By doing so, it drops the ego and you allow yourself to find answers within.
Inside the world of science, how do you even study something that’s invisible, and magically comes out of nowhere?
- Déjà Vu
Déjà vu is a French term for “already seen.” We all have experienced a new place and feeling as if we have been there before. Sometimes feeling like we have dreamt that experience in the past. This occurs more often in kids between the ages of six and 10.
It is impossible to re-create a Déjà vu experience, so studying it makes it next to an impossibility. Research on Déjà Vu is put into two classifications: experimental studies and observational studies. In experimental studies, scientists try to recreate Déjà Vu experiences in individuals. The thought behind these studies, is that if we can learn what causes Déjà Vu, we might be able to understand where it comes from.
An observational study, experts measure the dynamics of the Déjà Vu experience (how often it happens, when it occurs, to whom it is effecting, etc.) and record it, well seeking out patterns.
1.Dark Energy/ Dark Matter
Way more is unknown about what dark energy and dark matter is, than what is known about it.
Scientists know how much dark energy there is, due to how it is affecting the expansion of the Universe. Otherwise, it is a complete mystery. It turns out that about 68 percent of the Universe is dark energy, dark matter makes up about 27 percent. The rest which is everything on Earth, everything ever observed with all of our technologies, all other matter only adds up to under five percent of the Universe.
Basically, any empty space between objects is considered dark energy and dark matter. If you can solve why this is, you will be the next Nobel prize recipient in science.
The Joe Rogan Experience Podcast #459 Dr. Rhonda Patrick
The Book: When Panic Attacks by, David Burns MD